Caraway, also called Persian cumin or Meridian fennel, is aromatic and flavorful herb in the family Apiaceae. This biennial plant that is native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia, produces seeds that are an integral part of many soups and stew dishes. It also is a recipe item in some baking recipes. Despite the fame that its seeds enjoy, all parts of the plant are edible. However, the anise-like seeds of caraway stand out because they are rich in essential oils, protein, and a host of vitamins. Caraway is easy to grow in any greenhouse as long as you abide by this guide.
- Plant the caraway seeds directly into their "designated" patch in your greenhouse, covering them lightly in burrows that are about a quarter of an inch.
- Caraway seeds normally germinate about 7 to 10 days after sowing. A week after the seedlings germinate, thin them so you maintain the preferred spacing of 12 inches apart.
Tips and tricks
Caraway is susceptible to weeds, which may slow its growth. However, intercropping with plants that deter weeds or mulching, helps improve the health of caraway while also improving soil conditions.
Paisley caterpillars may cause harm to caraway plants.
This herb requires even and regular watering during the early stages of growth. Once the seedlings are stable, you can let the ground dry between watering sessions. Ideally, the ground should receive one inch of water every week.
The plant thrives in rich, well-drained soils and pH ranging between 6.0 and 7.0.
Caraway requires full sunlight or partial shade to grow. Ensure that the greenhouse kit you use to plant caraway allow for proper and adequate illumination.
Harvest by snipping the seed heads once the seeds mature. Alternatively, you can collect the seeds by spreading a paper below the plant for the seeds to drop into. Fresh leaves can be snipped every so often.